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Please note that space for the event is very limited. Dear all, The forum is la unc hing a new service called "Ask Gilam". You can access the thread on: I don't think that Danny was trying to be condescending, but rather giving his take on the issue. I would really hate to see this forum become a place where someone can't voice his opinions without being considered an arogant self-centered prick. If we were such people we probably would not spend the time to help other people who wish to learn from our experience.

With regard to the issue at hand - it is true that some people manage to get accepted to a top tier MBA with a Gmat score, but not many. Those that do get in usually have to have done some really special things to make it with this score.

Us "normal" people would probably do ourselves a good service by trying to improve a score if we want to attend a top 5 school. Former Solectron engineer Ram Santhanam was at a party recently when a woman sidled up to him and told him that she hated him. Santhanam, it seems, had been selected for a highly competitive position that the woman had also been seeking: Although the woman was only kidding, the scene underscores the intense rivalry for jobs in Silicon Valley these days, where even lowly internships have become a career battleground for job-hungry geeks.

Once snubbed as a haven for those who couldn't find a real job at a dot-com or elsewhere, internships have become a coveted prize in the listless job market, attracting a bumper crop of overqualified candidates at a time when companies are slashing entry-level job programs. That's making it harder than ever for first-time graduates to get a foot in the door at major companies such as Microsoft or Sun Microsystems, where many new hires are drawn from the intern pool.

What's more, the unemployment rate in tech-heavy Santa Clara County, Calif. Traditionally, internships have been a bright spot for hiring in a down economy, as companies look to spread work among fewer employees. However, the programs are being hard hit this time around. Like many companies, Sun has trimmed its internship program from 1, positions during the heyday to about this year, meaning there are more people than ever applying for fewer positions.

The cutbacks come as the pool of intern applicants is swelling with ranks of experienced workers who have returned to school for additional training or a second degree.

Lacking full-time offers, many of these people are happy to take whatever they can get, giving employers a steady stream of overqualified candidates. Internships were designed to let current students or recent graduates get a firsthand glimpse of corporate culture and get some work experience--however low-paying or menial--under their belts.

But these days you have to have some experience to get some more. Students who have already worked at companies are edging out those who haven't--jumping at any opportunity that resembles employment. Those trying to place interns said that students who once would have had multiple internship offers are now lucky to get just one. In a survey of companies by the National Association of Colleges and Employers, hiring managers said nearly a third of their new hires came from their pool of interns.

Resumes pile up At Microsoft, that rate is closer to two-thirds, according to Colleen Wheeler McCreary, a technical recruiter at the company.

Although she doesn't have exact figures about the number of intern applicants, McCreary said the stack of resumes on her desk was twice as high this year as it was last year. And the experience is impressive. About interns are selected to participate in Microsoft's highly popular program. They're often assigned a product feature to handle during their stint, and this summer interns are working on projects ranging from extra games on smart phones to new features for Office 12 and the Longhorn operating system.

McCreary said the interns benefit the company, too. Peter Vogt, president of Minneapolis-based Career Planning Resources, said smart companies work hard to keep their internship programs, even in a down economy.

Meanwhile, on the Sun campus, even freshly minted M. Pamela Kong, a year-old who just received her master's from Santa Clara University in June, has had her internship at Sun extended twice over the past year.

It ends this month, but she's eager to stay on at the company. Kong, who was laid off from an engineering position at another company two years ago, said she likes both her job and the company--especially because she's surrounded by so many smart people.

Plus, the work is challenging, partly because of the economic doldrums. Santhanam, the former Solectron engineer, agreed. He said he participates in meetings and gives feedback about product strategy and pricing. He thinks his manager listens to him because of his experience in the engineering field.

Occasionally, though, he does have to do some grunt work such as printing out slides for meetings. But the company makes up for it by treating interns like employees, giving them badges that are identical to other workers and letting them rub elbows with top executives. As the likelihood of a hot job fades, so does the MBA's allure.

Recessions usually are good for business schools. Applications flood into such august institutions as the Wharton School, Dartmouth College's Tuck School of Business, and Stanford University as the young and talented of the corporate world opt to hide out in graduate school, earn an MBA, and emerge when jobs are plentiful again.

For the first two years of the current downturn that pattern largely held. But this year, business school is suddenly less of a draw. And new visa restrictions are making it harder for foreigners to apply. But the big reason many twentysomethings may be hanging on to their jobs, however unrewarding, is that the once-coveted MBA no longer comes with the implicit guarantee of a big-bucks job offer on graduation.

It's easy to see why America's fledgling manager class is balking these days. Over the past two years, potential MBA candidates have watched many B-school grads flail upon re-entering the real world. So while an MBA might enhance a would-be executive's prospects if the economy picks up, the current crop of overachievers isn't about to forsake a regular paycheck.

Says a New York investment banker who had planned to go to B-school: Many B-schools say job prospects are similar or only slightly better for the Class of ' A typical example is Christopher Blaydon.

Despite dozens of interviews, he has yet to land a job in strategy consulting or strategic planning. And it's not just job prospects -- affordability is another issue.

Many potential MBA candidates have found their paychecks shrinking and their savings and investment portfolios dwindling -- which makes financing a pricey MBA more difficult. Meanwhile, lower investment yields have left some schools with fewer fellowships and scholarships to attract students. Sherry Wallace, admissions director at University of North Carolina's Kenan-Flagler Business School, says her institution will award one-third fewer fellowships this year than last.

Tougher visa rules, a weak global economy, and even SARS-related travel restrictions have prompted fewer foreigners to apply to U. While the impact of SARS and slow economic growth overseas are likely to be short-lived phenomena, the schools are more worried about visa rules that were tightened in the wake of September Greenbaum, dean of the John M. With fewer people to choose from, B-schools are digging deeper into their applicant pools to fill the fall roster.

Fox, associate dean at Olin. As the big schools get less picky, lower-ranked ones could find it hard to fill their slots. The problems may not end there: The next application cycle -- for the Class of -- kicks off in November, just four months from now. If the job picture doesn't improve soon, the B-school blues may well continue. By Jennifer Merritt in New York. Here are my answers to most of your questions: Internship employment stats at London Business School: While consulting firms and investment banks recruit early in the year January-March , a big part of the companies start recruiting around May — June.

Therefore, the stats will only be relevant around mid July. However, the numbers are very similar in most top schools. But, I believe that what I said holds for experienced people as well. If you come to learn — a two-year MBA is much more effective. On top on that, London has so many jobs to offer and English is the only language requirement. There are also many Israeli companies in London which is usually a great lead, you can get the list of Israeli companies from the Israeli Embassy.

I would not buy suits here if I were you. If you don't know your way around suits, you never know what you might get: In addition, you never know if the stitches are real or fused, and also, they might give you a suit containing polyester -- a very big no-no if the suit looks literally shiny, i.

If I were you, I'd go to a decent store in the US and spend a few hundred dollars on a suit that the salesman says is appropriate for business.

The general guidelines are: Certain schools offer student initiated interviews on campus: Darden, Duke, Dartmouth , Chicago and Yale. If you have the money and the time I think you should go for it. Even in the schools you can't interview with, you can still get a campus tour, sit in a class, and have l unc h with current students. You'll see the facilities and housing, and get to know the town and area. All this will give you a very strong feeling about the school and whether it suits you or not it also shows commitment.

OR save it for a interview. Others have no preference. I would visit beforehand, because it could considerably improve your essays if you know what the school is like in actuality and not in brochures. Do all schools invite you for an interview and how do people from here manage to coordinate all of these in one week?

If you travel before applying I think you can fit school visits per week, though it'll be very tight. If you schedule early I think they'll accommodate your requests so that you could build a reasonable schedule.

As for the schools that don't offer you an interview in advance, or to which you can't travel: If indeed schools invite you to interview and you decide to travel again, I doubt whether you'll be able to fit a few schools in one trip, since each school has its own deadlines and schedules. If for example you apply R1 to all schools you might get an invitation from one school in early November and from another in January if they do invite you at all. Interview in Israel or over the phone with those that enable you to do so, and save your second trip to your 1 choice, if you haven't yet interviewed there and indeed they invite you and if you can fit others at the same time it's a bonus.

April 30 is the deadline for letting us know, R1 or R I would plan to spend a couple of days here if you can I'm an MD that is planing a career change and as i see it, entering an MBA program in one of the leading US schools can give me an oppertunity to do so.

I'm looking for a school that will help me enter the biotech industry. What are my chances? Shay, MD's who clearly state why the need an MBA and lay out a solid career plan have a pretty good case with most admission comittees. Your working experience is lower than the average full-time experience for admitted candidates in leading schools. However, your part time and military experiences might cover for that.

You name it, consultants were doing it: Teams of people would decamp in the telecom giant's Basking Ridge, N. McKinsey, the nation's top strategy consulting firm, was the biggest beneficiary of this largesse. Today, alas, there are no more trips to the slopes. That's because the former consulting junkie seems to have kicked the habit. Now the telecom company either is doing most of the work in-house or isn't doing it at all.

Two years ago Ford Motor Co. Investment banks Lehman Brothers and Credit Suisse First Boston have gone even further, imposing companywide bans against management consultants. Explains one Lehman executive: And there's no point in hiring a consultant to tell us how to grow in a market that's not growing. All over corporate America, the long-running love affair between big companies and traditional management consultants has come to an abrupt end.

Two years into an economic slump, executives are questioning why they've spent the past ten years pouring so much money into consulting coffers and what exactly those huge outlays of cash have produced.

Execs are also realizing that consultants from the so-called prestigious firms just might not be as brilliant as they're cracked up to be. But you have to wonder about the wisdom of the advice McKinsey gave to its longtime client Enron. Or the value of the analysis it did for Kmart and Global Crossing, two other companies that paid the firm for strategic insights and subsequently slid into bankruptcy. At the formerly highflying strategy firms, the suffering is palpable. The length of an average strategy-consulting engagement has dropped from between six and 18 months in the mids to just 90 days today, according to Tom Rodenhauser, a longtime industry analyst who runs Consulting Information Services in Keene, N.

Getting revenue numbers from these famously secretive firms is difficult. But Consultants News in Peterborough, N. The Big Three are eager to promote the impression that they are handling all this just fine, thank you very much. But privately, many senior consulting partners confide that it is the worst slump they've ever had to deal with. Other recessions, such as those in the early '80s and early '90s, prompted many observers to sound the death knell for strategy consulting.

And each time the economy picked up, consulting revenues came roaring back. The concept of management consulting was pioneered by McKinsey, which was founded in by an accounting professor from Northwestern University. The upstart firm established itself by helping companies navigate their way out of the Depression and, later, gear up for wartime production.

Decades later, former General Electric executive Bruce Henderson saw huge opportunity in the consulting business. In he started a competing firm, BCG, with innovative theories about business growth and the belief that consultants should be brutally honest with clients.

Ten years later BCG partner William Bain formed Bain with the intention of working intimately with only one client in each industry--a concept that served nicely until the firm started getting big and needed new clients. All three firms thrived by doing basically the same thing: More important, perhaps, they convinced clients that the consultants were smarter and more objective than the companies themselves.

Because many companies' competitors were using consultants, top execs worried they'd fall behind if they didn't use them too. And as time went by the work consultants did for a client often became open-ended, with one engagement bleeding conveniently into another.

Leader McKinsey more than doubled its size during the past eight years, to 7, consultants worldwide. Bain and BCG's ranks ballooned to 1, and 2,, respectively. Big consulting firms work a lot like big law firms: Partners make the big bucks--usually several million a year--and throngs of cocky year-olds do most of the day-to-day work. And a large cast of characters is typically involved on each project. And that's before you even get to the consultants that are doing the real work," says Jon Katzenbach, a former McKinsey partner who left the firm in to form Katzenbach Partners.

That's a model that today's clients emphatically don't want. They want small, nimble teams of seasoned people who have years of knowledge and experience. And they want practical, highly targeted information and insights that can do one of two things: Terry Laughlin, head of corporate strategy and development at FleetBoston and the guy in charge of hiring consultants for the bank, puts it this way: Clients are also demanding discounts, once unthinkable.

That's when companies hire consultants at all. Many large companies have spent the past few years beefing up in-house strategy teams and are using them instead.

Fleet concluded that the practice of constantly hiring consultants prevented it from developing the related skills, knowledge, and expertise internally. The bank now has outside consultants work alongside teams of Fleet people.

Or they simply raid the consulting firms for talent. American Express, which spends a fraction of what it used to on consulting, has picked up at least five people from McKinsey in the past year. That question is one that McKinsey, BCG, and Bain will have to grapple with over the next few years as they try to prove to clients that they're still relevant--and not, in the words of one West Coast CEO, a b unc h of "beefed-up MBAs with big egos who charge a lot to tell executives what they should already know.

For people who make a living telling others how to fix their businesses, the Big Three have been remarkably slow and tentative in taking action to fix theirs. McKinsey's recently elected managing director, Ian Davis, a year-old Brit who officially assumes the job in July, hasn't made his plans public.

But George Stalk, a senior partner who works out of BCG's Toronto office, says that the firm is reducing headcount and the ratio of consultants to partners in order to offer clients the greater access to senior people they're demanding.

Stalk says that the consultant-partner ratio in the U. Bain and McKinsey have also cut staff over the past two years, but they won't talk about numbers. As for Bain, its worldwide managing director, John Donahoe, a year company veteran who lives in Silicon Valley and works out of the San Francisco office, says that it has started hiring partners from outside its ranks--a major departure. To satisfy clients' demands for seasoned pros, over the past 18 months the firm has brought on 20 new partners, some poached from McKinsey and BCG.

Yet at the same time Donahoe defends the practice of importing boatloads of MBAs and sending "case teams" of the young consultants to work with clients. He argues that their number-cr unc hing and spreadsheet skills provide clients with fresh data and insights. But the Big Three seem to be doing little to counter another threat: Those firms have traditionally helped companies install and integrate complex IT systems, but now they want a piece of the strategy pie.

As technology becomes closely intertwined with the overall business objectives of a company, an increasingly big piece of the consulting market is within their reach.

How much of a threat do these firms pose? Donahoe says he's not worried, because Bain is in a much better position to deliver advice to clients about technology than Accenture or IBM: We think that clients are going to be a little suspicious of an outsourcing provider who says, 'Outsource everything. The firms still house enormous talent and a wealth of knowledge about how successful businesses operate.

But their future will look very different. Many people believe that they are going to get a lot smaller. Their partners may splinter off into several smaller boutique firms. Or they may merge with an IT outfit to gain tech expertise and access to new markets. One thing's for certain, though. There will be no more lavish ski trips anytime soon. I was wondering if you can give some ideas of appropriate programs, preferably general management oriented.

I would look at Illinois, Washington, Purdue and Maryland for backup. I was wondering if you can give some ideas of appropriate programs, preferably finance and consulting. Thanks for the very detailed info, it helps me give you a more informed answer. Simon and UNC will be excellent fallback schools. I find the third subject of the NYU essays very unique. They are much more laid back and fun.

There is a good working environment with the teams and not as competitive as other schools I looked at. Being in NYC and the village is fantastic! It is so close to the banks downtown on Wall Street I can even go during l unc h to interview and midtown where many corporate headquarters are located. It is clearly a huge advantage.

First, we offer best-of-class training in all disciplines and f unc tional areas — from finance and marketing to strategy and entrepreneurial studies During University time I had the oportunity to join a well known financial firm in Israel and to la unc h my own company.

The outcome was a professional success while having a low GPA. Michigan is my first priority - what is your advice on the way to attack the situation in my app. We've only had one application deadline so far, and the numbers are down slightly.

This may reflect the fact that our new essay qeustions came out at the end of summer, so some people wanted more time to work on the apps. Also, with regard to the Class of apps: Granted, that's off a record high the year before. So keepthat in context. And we still saw applicants of amazing quality, just fewer than last year. Our admission policies are essentially unc hanged.

We have been working on updating our online process and features to make applying more convenient for candidates. We're also la unc hing online recommendations in the next couple of weeks. Our applications deadlines have changed a little. We developed a new MBA brochure that features our new depth 'Tracks'.

As you know hopefully last year we started the IIMBA and we wish to continue to operate it and help as many candidates,applicants and alumni. I didn't get any scholarship, but I don't think they anno unc ed it already at all. E-mail me msarfaty hotmail. Therefore you should look at the long range, and then the value of the degree from CMU is a major consideration even if it costs more now.

There are advantages and disadvantages to being one of students. That translates to a variety of courses, clubs, professional opportunities, speakers etc. The flip side is obviously that there's no warm and fuzzy atmosphere, however that certainly doesn't mean less access to resources such as professors, career management office staff etc.

I certainly found the faculty extremely approachable and helpful. For example, there's a "take the students to l unc h" tradition where a faculty member takes a group of students for a free l unc h, subsidized by the school, and many faculty members and students take advantage of the opportunity.

Another advantage is the large alumni network - there's a good chance you'll find a Wharton alumni in almost every company you'd be interested in. Alumni are usually very helpful and certainly facilitate your access to different companies. I guess I didn't explain myself well. It's not at all "industrial". What I meant is that the atmosphere is not intimate like it may be in a very small school, where you know everyone and everyone knows you. That doesn't mean though that the people are not warm and that the place is not friendly - people are usually extremely nice and supportive.

So if you're looking for the kind of place that's small and intimate, where you know everyone after 2 days, that's not it. This is a general question so i will answer generally why I have chosen Anderson and i hope it will help both to you and to other applicants that consider UCLA Anderson.

I based my decision on several factors: The west-coast is an amazing experience especially LA - superb weather, lots of outdoor opportunities, great lifestyle -- driving distance to the beach, ski resorts, vegas, national parks Very good reputation and brand especially in the west-coast.

In general the school is very strong in enterprenurship, real estate, entertainment and finance. Emphasis on entreprenurship and proximity to Hi tech and biotech centers. My overall experience in the school so far exceeded all of my expectations, the atmosphere is great -- we study hard, yet, we find the time to party, have fun and make new friends.

I have a couple of questions about my admission chances. I was in the army in the intelligence corps for 3. During the army I developed a program that mechanized processes in my department, and this was done out of my official role and in extra hours took more than a year.

I have been working in Intel as a software developer non-managerial role. I expect to remain in this job and in this work level at least until the end of the year. I made an initial screening for MBA schools in which I'm interested, and I'm down to the following Michael, first, thanks for the detailed profile, it helps me give you more informed answers.

Second, well done on an amazing GMAT. You will probably be competitive in all the schools that you mentioned above, with HBS being a stretch special emphasis on extraordinary leadership. Picking 5 out of this list has a lot to do with personal considerations - where do you want to live?

Could the program I developed for the army be considered such a service more than a year, no reimbursement, extra hours? Is community service during high-school considered "valid"? I am afraid the answer to both of these questions is "no". Sure, and much luck. So Scholarships and financial aid is the same as for the rest of Kellogg.

Not sure what you ment when you asked about working positions. The way it works is that for each class there are 9 sections, 8 regular 2Y program, and 1 MMM. So the MMM is a different section and we do many of our courses together.

In terms of academics, the program takes advamtage of prior experience and stufying and either waives you out of regular MBA courses, or accelerate others so you are left with time to take additional classes at McCormick - the engineering school.

There is no specific industry focus and you can see graduates in all industries. So, I feel that the program is relevant to any industry that manufactures products, from computer chips, through pacemakers, to tires.

In terms of f unc tions, the most popular is Marketing, followed by finance and operations. First, the obvious - you get an extra degree for the same time and money. In terms of academics - you should verify that the program is aligned with your goals. If your goals is to work for the high-tech industry, in say, marketing position, the program can give you knowledge that is more directed towards your goals.

Another added value, in my opinion, is the network of the MMM alums, which is a closer knit netwrok. You have access to the entire Kellogg alum community anyway, but the MMM alum network is extra strong. But - it is still very small. Well, you can judge by the length of my response that I am enthusistic about this program If you have any more question post the here, or if you want to talk - send me an email. The mirrors in the hallway were perfect for last-minute checks of ties, hair and handkerchiefs.

Are the business cards within easy reach? As the students primped, they traded intelligence. The job fair was sponsored by the MBA Consortium, a group of 16 business schools that are good but a couple of steps down the B-school hierarchy. To help their students get jobs -- either summer internships or permanent positions -- the consortium had gathered 14 employers at the Marriott Eastside in Manhattan on this January day to meet them.

The recruiters, who sat at tables displaying their wares, had already selected some students for interviews the next day based on resumes, but they had saved places for applicants who would impress them today. Many of them did not have interviews lined up.

So the pressure was on. They had only a few minutes to make their pitch, and those in line -- their competition -- could hear them. After a firm handshake and a handoff of his resume, he told the recruiter he enjoyed problem solving, operations and finance. Hoebelheinrich said yes instantly. And it was over. He didn't end up getting an interview. Next person in line. As is often the case in troubled economic times, business schools reported an enrollment surge in Now those class members must compete for a limited job pool.

Meanwhile, companies are putting off hiring decisions as long as possible until they can tell where the economy is going. Students at second- or third-tier schools can certainly build successful careers. But given the degree's hefty price tag and the tough economic climate, deans and corporate recruiters warn that a master's degree in business administration does not necessarily translate into a high-salary job.

And the path to a leading investment bank or consulting company runs almost exclusively through a narrow band of elite business schools. AS the tight job market accentuates the advantages that graduates of Harvard or the University of Pennsylvania enjoy even in the best of times, students from lower-tier schools must hustle even harder. At the job fair, options are improving but it's clear that they are still more limited than a few years ago.

Organizers are pleased to have 14 employers. Last year, there were But in the 's, they had 30, and students could write their own ticket. If you want to rile someone at the fair, use the phrase ''core schools. Many have only five or so core schools, some as few as two. At big-time companies, only a few business schools turn up on list after list: A survey by Business Week last year found that of Citigroup's M. No other business school placed more than 8 there.

Jeffrey Pfeffer, a professor at Stanford's business school, published a study in based on decades of data to determine what the M. Internal studies by leading consulting firms and investment banks of their M. To practice medicine, medical school is essential; ditto for law. But if you can excel in business without business school, he wondered, what is its value?

Professor Pfeffer's report set off intense debate. But even critics like Professor Pfeffer say that top business schools do something of value: People who invest in an M. Hi Gilam and all First off - let me relay my appreciation - I have read through a few pages, and the information presented is precious.

I would really like to know the following - kicking-off info: To the best of my knowledge and trying to balance between ranking and f unc tional strength: The impact of the undergraduate university average vs. I am computer science and economics major - from TAU, does the actual degree difficulty account?

Then far behind usually the school, then the type of degree. Schools that place special emphasis on diverse students - i. All do, I am not sure which ones more than others if there are such. Schools that regard the GMAT quantities result as an important factor, and the Analytical writing as well. Moreover last Q for now Yes, I believe that reading past essays could usually help. Just like pills, if used incorrectly it could hurt ;- for example, you reach the conclusion that he was admitted because he wrote X, while in fact he was admitted because of Y and Z and they actually didn't like X.

I thought I will take a stab at this question and give my 2 cents biased opinion. For finance you have 3 major schools although they differ a bit between themselves in what areas and f unc tions of finance they focus on they are Wharton, Chicago and Columbia. All of the schools are very international in their focus and have a great name in Europe:.

Chicago- Their own campus in Barcelona with a big executive program and tons of alumni there. I participated in the Eurotrek and saw the welcoming attitude of these corporation first hand. Now for general management- this is going to be a bit of an academic answer so I apologize in advance- for over a century there are two main Business school teaching disciplines:. The Harvard version- which is based on cases and less of in depth education, but more on the classmates. The Chicago version- based on fundementals, the idea is to give the student a thorough understanding of the business pillars so he could later apply them as he see fit through his career.

All the other schools where in the middle between these two approaches and even in Chicago, almost half of my classes were case based and in HBS you have enough lecture time now so it is not definite- why am I telling you lot this mambo.

I just wanted to point out that after a year in Chicago, I truely believe this is an amazing general management school although when someone just "scan" the school it is not percieved this way and many of my classmates came to school for a general management concentration the 3rd most popular after Finance and Entrepreneurship becuase of the amazing level of teaching that the school gives you.

As always- I and the rest of the students would be more than happy to answer questions and assist people who are interested in the school. After a year I am really happy with my decision and the experience is WAY better than what I initially imagined. Recommendations about visiting Kellogg ver. It's best to find someone to stay with in Evanston, where the Northwestern University is located. If you don't find any, take into account that using the subway it's going to take between twenty minutes to an hour getting there.

The subway is the cheapest way of getting to Evanston several bucks , compared to a taxi. There's no problem of parking in Evanston, but think twice about renting a car if you plan to stay the night in Chicago. When visiting Kellogg, make sure you have the chance to do the following: It'll give you a feeling what's the culture in Kellogg and who the students are.

Try to pinpoint specific classes rather than just "I am interested in Marketing classes", for example. You could find out which classes are taking places with any of the students.

Ask one of the students to ask permission from the professor, before entering the class. They may provide you with good tips as to what to emphasize in your essays, etc. Take all possible brochures from the information session, they might help you later on. L unc hes are a good time for spending half an hour with students. They will probably all appreciate your traveling all the way from Israel. Remember to write down name of students, classes and professors you talked to.

It would be worth mentioning in your essays. There's no point traveling all the way to Kellogg without visiting University of Chicago and Chicago itself. Save at least several hours to visit the city. I was rather limited in time when visiting Chicago, but I found it's possible to compress it all in a couple of nights. I scored on the Toefl. Tried to send but it bo unc ed back Please send to ehudemanuel yahoo.

I saw your question regarding Simon just now I actually can provide you with lots of information on Rochester Univ. I know that there are good scholarships there, and I believe it is within the top ranking.

That's great - you're doing great with your application. Thanks again for updating - it's no relief but it's better than total unc ertainty. I'm coming to the big city next week.

It would be great if we can have l unc h together The three strongest career tracks at Darden are consulting, iBanking, and general management.

An article I found in the FT. It might interest some of you November 28 For some, with nine months to graduation and lucrative job offers trickling in for next year, the MBA degree seems to have paid off.

Angst about loans and jobs is beginning to wane. Victory can be bitter-sweet, however. While a six-figure salary, house and expensive car seem to be traits of a stable future, their personal lives are anything but secure. The significant other with whom they arrived at business school has either already left or is on their way out. The partying, long hours of studying, competition and summer internship apart have taken their toll.

The dark reality of the MBA course is that relationships between students and their partners, especially at this time of year, can come to a sorry end. Some schools joke about "Black Monday", the Monday following Thanksgiving, when classmates return single. Students and faculty warn that the rate of breakups on MBA courses could be as high as 50 per cent. Susan Perry, a social psychologist and author of Loving in Flow: How the Happiest Couples Get and Stay That Way, confirms that graduate degrees can be as rough on a couple as having a first child.

Relocating for a well-ranked degree can start those shifts, says Dave Wilson, president of the Graduate Management Admissions Co unc il. He points out that on arrival at business school, only half of the couple has an immediate network and purpose.

Already, he adds, the scenario is stacked against the partner. The workload, often per cent of what a student can reasonably take, requires the student to join teams and create a network. That network soon becomes an entire social scene. Some partners find this a heavy burden. At the Tepper School of Business at Carnegie Mellon University, where my partner is in the second year of his MBA course, several spouses confided that their husbands "died" in their first year.

Others say the only way they saw their partner was to show up for drinks on a Friday night. Other intense degrees such as law and medicine also take their toll.

However, experts believe the MBA culture causes deeper problems: It is all-powerful," Ms Perry says. Then there is the MBA student's desire for dramatic change. Many follow a two-year, full-time course because they wish to take stock and radically alter their career. To do this they are willing to uproot their lives, relocate and plunge themselves deep into debt.

Given such flux, it is no surprise that they will also scrutinise their relationships, which can subsequently become MBA casualties. Most study for an MBA in their late 20s, a period of huge emotional upheaval not unlike a mid-life crisis, adds Ms Perry. Mr Wilson wonders whether the MBA degree with its "economic macho" syndrome is particularly tricky.

Mr Wilson points out that the real risk a student runs is that the behaviour that manifests itself during the MBA course, if seen to yield a reward that exceeded a cost, will manifest itself again.

This can be addictive. The Stanford Sloan programme lasts one year. Students have eight years of work experience and are mature. Mary Garrison, who manages the course, says breakups are "extremely rare". However, awareness about the issue is growing. Psychologists discuss skills in stress management and working with non Type-A personalities - highly driven and focused individuals.

Most business schools run partner groups, a great way to make friends, and some are considering offering support groups and counselling. Due to the competition for top-paying jobs, some partners are reluctant to speak candidly. A turbulent marriage or relationship can be considered a sign of weakness and a reason to be excluded from an MBA case study team. One former partner recalls: There are always rumours. Others seem reflective too. When a first-year MBA student asks at Carnegie Mellon's Welcome Week whether the priority should be grades, academic performance or the job hunt, Greg Shumavon, a second year moderating the event, interjects before the professors can respond.

Most often, they will send out an oversized email with a cool animation anno unc ing your acceptance I am happy to advise you that it is now possible to obtain an MBA degree from Imperial College, a branch of the University of London, by Distance Learning in years depending on the number of course modules studied. The programme began in , and now has more than 3, students enrolled from all over the world. For those of you not familiar with Imperial College and the University of London, they are highly regarded in the fields of science and technology they have a medical school as well , and are regarded in a similar light as MIT-Sloan in the USA.

I have a supply of special promotion CD's that have all information regarding the programme, courses offered, tuition fees, and other relevant informtion. If you are now working for a high tech company and plan one day to create a 'start-up' company of your own, an MBA with a specialisation in entrpeneurialship can give you the qualititive edge needed to accomplish this. The distance learning study curriculum is virtually the same as the full time or attandance learning programme.

Tuition and other charges are much more reasonable than other MBA programmes. I can supply you with a special CD presentation disc that fully covers the distance learning programme at imperial College. I also hope to conduct a forum and seminar for prospective MBA students at the British co unc il in the February. Until then, feel free to contact me for further information admission requirements, tuition fees, etc.

Obviously, someone planning to be in a management position at Bank Discount or El Al, etc. I refer to a quality and ranked school and not to the ones that usually advertise their programmes via the internet. If you or any other forum member need my assitance concerning Imperial College, I will be pleased to help.

I plan to hold an informal 'mini forum' on the I. Just to let you know that I am presently organising an informal information evening dealing with the MBA programmes at Imperial College in London.

Although the new distance learninig programme will be for focus of this forum, other programmes, including the full time or attendance learning programme may be covered as well. Anyone interested in attending please contact me by email or telephone at or Another possibility would be from the word Harangue which means: Isnt that a city in Italy? This is unfortunately not the right answer to the question "why did we call the company aringo?

Wow, I like that. But again, unfortunately not I just had my interview for Kellogg at the end of last week, which was an amazing experience for me. Thanks guys and hope to see together with all of you, the admits ano unc ements. I just got a call from Stanford - I am in. An article from BW, stressing how conscious B-schools are of the family that comes along with the applicant:. After the year-old Castle Rock Colo.

And [then] when we got here, the families at the school completely embraced us. Unlike students in, say, medical and law schools, who usually attend just after graduating from college, most MBA candidates have five years of work experience and enter business school at about 27 years old. Living without a paycheck and racking up debt when you've got kids and a spouse is hard enough. But family life suffers when you're being a slave to an irregular class schedule, odd-hours study groups, extracurricular activities -- from case competitions and consulting projects to a myriad of career-focused or community-oriented clubs -- plus a time-consuming internship and job search.

And, B-school administrators say, a student worried about a partner's or child's well-being doesn't get the most out of the program. Family concerns have "played a greater and greater role in the decision-making process for applicants in the last few years," says David Capodilupo, executive director of the MBA program at Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Sloan School of Business.

Schools have moved to provide more programs and services to make the transition -- and the two years -- easier for everyone. Most boast a partners' club that organizes events, socials, and support for spouses. Many schools offer job counseling for partners as well as a slew of activities for them and the kids that coincide with a student's orientation schedule.

And some B-schools -- helped by their students -- have gone above and beyond to cater to family members. The savviest schools anticipate the needs of partners from the first campus visit -- before a prospective student has even been accepted. When the Arthurs arrived for Ian's campus tour and interview, the admissions staff invited Margaret along -- a gesture the other schools didn't make.

After her husband was accepted, Margaret got what the school calls a "smile-and-dial" call from a group of second-year partners offering to answer any questions she might have about the school. The Arthurs were already leaning toward Tuck, but the call confirmed what the couple believed -- that Margaret would feel as welcome at the school as Ian would. When the Arthurs arrived on campus, Margaret took advantage of an unc ommon perk among top schools: Others, such as Columbia Business School, pay special attention to the families of international students, who often arrive not just in a new city but in a new country.

While their spouse-students get a built-in network of classmates and courses, the husbands and wives may find themselves without working papers and with minimal English-language skills. Early on, Columbia helps such families with housing and relocation. To ease the language barrier, the B-school offers free language classes through Berlitz.

Northwestern University's Kellogg School of Management is known as a place where students, faculty, and administrators are unusually close. Katie Bard, a mother of two girls under the age of 4, says Kellogg's brochure helped sell her -- and her husband -- on the idea of uprooting the family from Austin, Tex.

She adds that the reality lived up to the billing. At most schools, partners' clubs sponsor kids' activities, but at Kellogg children have their own club funded by the students' activities fee. Kellogg Kids holds twice-weekly play groups and offers a music class and a crafts class one afternoon each week.

Parents trade babysitting duties, and Kellogg Kids even takes field trips to places like the zoo and holds bagel breakfasts for families and students. The club tries to lend extra support to international families; Bard, a past co-chair of Kellogg Kids, says about half the members are from outside the U.

Another twist on B-schools' nurturing of candidates' families: Kids get playtime with, say, crafts activities, and parent-students and their spouses have an opportunity to mingle. The get-togethers allow married students to enjoy more of the social interaction that single students have always had. In the beginning, Friday Night Families was informal -- a pot-luck dinner held at someone's house. Now the B-school's partner club provides some money to help pay for the food and supplies for the gatherings.

Juggling the pressures of B-school can make for a stressful two years for any student. Add a spouse, partner, or children, and it can be like juggling atop a high wire. Finding a school that makes the family experience as rich as the MBA program can make all the difference.

UK Govt lists what it considers to be the Top 50 schools - for qualification for a work permit. This document lists the 50 institutions, including 10 from the UK, that will be eligible to this entitlement from 1st April.

The list will be updated annually. Here's how they did it http: There is an unadjusted ranking here: So - if you want to work in Europe after you graduate then go to one of these schools. Thanks for the answer. I have visited columbia and NYU campuses last week, and it all looks great. I talked tom Dalit, and she said you have a few tips for getting a J1 visa.

Can you please tell ot write me to ayelletbig yahoo. I would like to start the process of MBA abroad and use aringo's services in the process could you please give me a rough estimate about my chances to different programs and tiers , etc. Programs such as Michigan, Duke, Tuck, Rotman will be somewhat of a stretch. Before starting answering your question I'd like to give you a piece of advice: In this specifically question, I would start with the differences in the beginning of the answer choices, rather than those in the end.

That's a purely logical question. Can animals be achieved? Can a consistency be achieved? Now choosing between A and C I concentrate on another difference: The conj unc tion 'as' means 'the same way as': This way only C is left. Finally we did not have to know "thought to be" or "thought as". Anyway, the right expression is "thought to be". No more paper-based tests will be given.

Even though there won't be any changes in the GMAT, I still advice that you start preparing for your test as soon as possible to leave yourself enough time for improving your score and working with applications. I found some time ago this text about the calculation of the final TOEFL score, I hope it will help you and everyone who wondered about the essay score:. The essay rating is weighted to account for approximately 50 percent of the composite score.

Because these separate scores adaptive Structure and essay are both noninteger values decimal , their sum the composite is actually on a continuous scale, which is then converted to a scale score also a decimal value and then rounded.

As a result of this summing, scaling, and rounding, the same integer Structure-only score and an unweighted essay rating can result in slightly different final composite scores. For this reason, it is not possible to provide a table illustrating the exact conversion of Structure and Writing scores to composite scores.

The maximum scale score on Structure is This is the official score examinees would receive if they had a perfect score on Structure and a zero 0 on the essay. Scores are most dramatically affected if examinees do not write an essay at all or if they write an essay that is off topic. The following example further illustrates how this procedure works. The examinee below viewed these unofficial scores onscreen: Sample of unofficial on-screen scores: This would result in a total score of Under the conditions of persecution and repression imposed by Nazi Germany there was no productive contribution to psycho-analytical science.

The limitations responsible for this are outlined. After classing the psycho-analytical writings of these years into groups, the production and publication practice of the period is examined through the works of Alexander Mette. Even when the clinical problems of applied psycho-analysis were set aside, as in the analytico-biographical study of Novalis, made jointly with Edmund Bergler in , this was insufficient to guarantee the possibility of completing the study.

Novalis was among that group of German poets and thinkers who were lauded as discoverers of the unconscious in order to diminish the importance of Freud's pioneer work.

In spite of the failure of the Novalis project, Mette's effort to preserve publishing autonomy, through his publishing house Dion-Verlag must be considered a noteworthy attempt to oppose official regimentation Gleichschaltung. Mette's personal development after the war, when he replaced Freud by a new idol, Pavlov, is treated briefly.

Ohry A, Ohry-Kossoy K. Translated from the French of M. Surgical removal of the foot through the midtarsal joint but retaining the calcaneus, talus, and other parts of the tarsus. Also called mediotarsal amputation. Chopart was a pioneer of urological surgery. There are three eponyms associated with the foot that are named after him. The Krukenberg procedure , also known as the Krukenberg operation , is a surgical technique that converts a forearm stump into a pincer.

It was first described in by the German army surgeon Hermann Krukenberg. It remains in use today for certain special cases but is considered controversial and some surgeons refuse to perform it. He was the brother of pathologist Friedrich Ernst Krukenberg — Krukenberg studied medicine at the Universities of Bonn , Strassburg and Heidelberg. In he became manager of a private clinic in Halle an der Saale , and in was chief surgeon at the municipal hospital in Liegnitz. During World War I he served as a field surgeon.

צעירות יפות עושה לה ביד At the job fair, options are improving but it's clear that they are still more limited than a few years ago. Technology companies were back recruiting and paying salaries rather than options. In this specifically question, I would start with the differences in the beginning of the answer choices, rather than those in the end. Consider parking cost while deciding. Please send him "drishat shalom hama".

צעירות יפות עושה לה ביד -

Hi all, first thanks to all the people who attended the first meeting of the forum. Check if there are apartment in the building that are rented for undergrads. At most schools, partners' clubs sponsor kids' activities, but at Kellogg children have their own club funded by the students' activities fee.

If you are planning to send your furniture, make a copy of your passport before going to the embassy, cause they hold on to your passport for a while. If you can, try to bring any letter proving your connection to Israel: It is not necessary but may help prevent an interview invitation. Good luck, Roni Karassik. Does anybody know if it is possible to open a USD checking acount while we are still here, in Israel?

Roy and everyone, Unfortunately, you can not open a bank account from Israel. The main reason for that would be the lack of social security number or any other form of identification.

What most people do is go to the social security office as soon as they arrive to the US and apply for a SSN. Obtaining the official card would take a couple of weeks, but you can get the number after 24 hours by dialing to an automatic service. As soon as you've got the number, you could walk into the bank and open a checking account. On that issue I would also add that you should expect to receive a credit card. The only thing you could apply for and get is a debit card and a for a credit card only afetr several months assuming you don't have prior credit history in the US.

Hi, Most schools have a computer purchase program that includes software, configuration and support -- so it is really not worth it to buy a computer in Israel. Installing hebrew font is very simple, and I am sure you can all do it on your own.

If there are any specific questions about the Kellogg laptop program, I am happy to help. I can share my personal experience. I was an officer about 8 years in the military in the. After I have finished the army, I joined a startup company for one year and f unc tioned.

The Israeli International MBA Association IIMBA was founded by the students and alumni of the leading International MBA programs in the world in order to encourage Israelis to apply to these programs and nurture them from the application process to their acceptance and through their whole professional career.

In order to fulfill our vision, we will la unc h a website http: Th e website will include valuable information for current students and alumni, as well as a forum for applicants. In addition , the organization will organize events for applicants on a regular basis.

The first event will be held in the beginning of July. The event will include a panel of current students and alumni that will review the application process, point on the most important factors of the application process from their point of view, and advise the applicants on how to tackle the applications with tips from their own experience.

Following the panel, applicants would have the opportunity to talk with the panelists and other member of IIMBA. If you wa nt to attend this event, or would like to get more info about the MBA application, please send an email with no headline to mailto: Please note that space for the event is very limited.

Dear all, The forum is la unc hing a new service called "Ask Gilam". You can access the thread on: I don't think that Danny was trying to be condescending, but rather giving his take on the issue. I would really hate to see this forum become a place where someone can't voice his opinions without being considered an arogant self-centered prick. If we were such people we probably would not spend the time to help other people who wish to learn from our experience.

With regard to the issue at hand - it is true that some people manage to get accepted to a top tier MBA with a Gmat score, but not many. Those that do get in usually have to have done some really special things to make it with this score. Us "normal" people would probably do ourselves a good service by trying to improve a score if we want to attend a top 5 school.

Former Solectron engineer Ram Santhanam was at a party recently when a woman sidled up to him and told him that she hated him. Santhanam, it seems, had been selected for a highly competitive position that the woman had also been seeking: Although the woman was only kidding, the scene underscores the intense rivalry for jobs in Silicon Valley these days, where even lowly internships have become a career battleground for job-hungry geeks.

Once snubbed as a haven for those who couldn't find a real job at a dot-com or elsewhere, internships have become a coveted prize in the listless job market, attracting a bumper crop of overqualified candidates at a time when companies are slashing entry-level job programs. That's making it harder than ever for first-time graduates to get a foot in the door at major companies such as Microsoft or Sun Microsystems, where many new hires are drawn from the intern pool.

What's more, the unemployment rate in tech-heavy Santa Clara County, Calif. Traditionally, internships have been a bright spot for hiring in a down economy, as companies look to spread work among fewer employees. However, the programs are being hard hit this time around. Like many companies, Sun has trimmed its internship program from 1, positions during the heyday to about this year, meaning there are more people than ever applying for fewer positions.

The cutbacks come as the pool of intern applicants is swelling with ranks of experienced workers who have returned to school for additional training or a second degree. Lacking full-time offers, many of these people are happy to take whatever they can get, giving employers a steady stream of overqualified candidates. Internships were designed to let current students or recent graduates get a firsthand glimpse of corporate culture and get some work experience--however low-paying or menial--under their belts.

But these days you have to have some experience to get some more. Students who have already worked at companies are edging out those who haven't--jumping at any opportunity that resembles employment.

Those trying to place interns said that students who once would have had multiple internship offers are now lucky to get just one. In a survey of companies by the National Association of Colleges and Employers, hiring managers said nearly a third of their new hires came from their pool of interns. Resumes pile up At Microsoft, that rate is closer to two-thirds, according to Colleen Wheeler McCreary, a technical recruiter at the company.

Although she doesn't have exact figures about the number of intern applicants, McCreary said the stack of resumes on her desk was twice as high this year as it was last year. And the experience is impressive. About interns are selected to participate in Microsoft's highly popular program.

They're often assigned a product feature to handle during their stint, and this summer interns are working on projects ranging from extra games on smart phones to new features for Office 12 and the Longhorn operating system. McCreary said the interns benefit the company, too. Peter Vogt, president of Minneapolis-based Career Planning Resources, said smart companies work hard to keep their internship programs, even in a down economy.

Meanwhile, on the Sun campus, even freshly minted M. Pamela Kong, a year-old who just received her master's from Santa Clara University in June, has had her internship at Sun extended twice over the past year. It ends this month, but she's eager to stay on at the company. Kong, who was laid off from an engineering position at another company two years ago, said she likes both her job and the company--especially because she's surrounded by so many smart people.

Plus, the work is challenging, partly because of the economic doldrums. Santhanam, the former Solectron engineer, agreed. He said he participates in meetings and gives feedback about product strategy and pricing.

He thinks his manager listens to him because of his experience in the engineering field. Occasionally, though, he does have to do some grunt work such as printing out slides for meetings. But the company makes up for it by treating interns like employees, giving them badges that are identical to other workers and letting them rub elbows with top executives. As the likelihood of a hot job fades, so does the MBA's allure. Recessions usually are good for business schools.

Applications flood into such august institutions as the Wharton School, Dartmouth College's Tuck School of Business, and Stanford University as the young and talented of the corporate world opt to hide out in graduate school, earn an MBA, and emerge when jobs are plentiful again. For the first two years of the current downturn that pattern largely held. But this year, business school is suddenly less of a draw. And new visa restrictions are making it harder for foreigners to apply.

But the big reason many twentysomethings may be hanging on to their jobs, however unrewarding, is that the once-coveted MBA no longer comes with the implicit guarantee of a big-bucks job offer on graduation. It's easy to see why America's fledgling manager class is balking these days.

Over the past two years, potential MBA candidates have watched many B-school grads flail upon re-entering the real world. So while an MBA might enhance a would-be executive's prospects if the economy picks up, the current crop of overachievers isn't about to forsake a regular paycheck.

Says a New York investment banker who had planned to go to B-school: Many B-schools say job prospects are similar or only slightly better for the Class of ' A typical example is Christopher Blaydon.

Despite dozens of interviews, he has yet to land a job in strategy consulting or strategic planning. And it's not just job prospects -- affordability is another issue. Many potential MBA candidates have found their paychecks shrinking and their savings and investment portfolios dwindling -- which makes financing a pricey MBA more difficult.

Meanwhile, lower investment yields have left some schools with fewer fellowships and scholarships to attract students. Sherry Wallace, admissions director at University of North Carolina's Kenan-Flagler Business School, says her institution will award one-third fewer fellowships this year than last.

Tougher visa rules, a weak global economy, and even SARS-related travel restrictions have prompted fewer foreigners to apply to U.

While the impact of SARS and slow economic growth overseas are likely to be short-lived phenomena, the schools are more worried about visa rules that were tightened in the wake of September Greenbaum, dean of the John M.

With fewer people to choose from, B-schools are digging deeper into their applicant pools to fill the fall roster. Fox, associate dean at Olin. As the big schools get less picky, lower-ranked ones could find it hard to fill their slots. The problems may not end there: The next application cycle -- for the Class of -- kicks off in November, just four months from now. If the job picture doesn't improve soon, the B-school blues may well continue.

By Jennifer Merritt in New York. Here are my answers to most of your questions: Internship employment stats at London Business School: While consulting firms and investment banks recruit early in the year January-March , a big part of the companies start recruiting around May — June.

Therefore, the stats will only be relevant around mid July. However, the numbers are very similar in most top schools. But, I believe that what I said holds for experienced people as well. If you come to learn — a two-year MBA is much more effective. On top on that, London has so many jobs to offer and English is the only language requirement. There are also many Israeli companies in London which is usually a great lead, you can get the list of Israeli companies from the Israeli Embassy.

I would not buy suits here if I were you. If you don't know your way around suits, you never know what you might get: In addition, you never know if the stitches are real or fused, and also, they might give you a suit containing polyester -- a very big no-no if the suit looks literally shiny, i. If I were you, I'd go to a decent store in the US and spend a few hundred dollars on a suit that the salesman says is appropriate for business.

The general guidelines are: Certain schools offer student initiated interviews on campus: Darden, Duke, Dartmouth , Chicago and Yale. If you have the money and the time I think you should go for it. Even in the schools you can't interview with, you can still get a campus tour, sit in a class, and have l unc h with current students. You'll see the facilities and housing, and get to know the town and area.

All this will give you a very strong feeling about the school and whether it suits you or not it also shows commitment. OR save it for a interview. Others have no preference. I would visit beforehand, because it could considerably improve your essays if you know what the school is like in actuality and not in brochures. Do all schools invite you for an interview and how do people from here manage to coordinate all of these in one week?

If you travel before applying I think you can fit school visits per week, though it'll be very tight. If you schedule early I think they'll accommodate your requests so that you could build a reasonable schedule. As for the schools that don't offer you an interview in advance, or to which you can't travel: If indeed schools invite you to interview and you decide to travel again, I doubt whether you'll be able to fit a few schools in one trip, since each school has its own deadlines and schedules.

If for example you apply R1 to all schools you might get an invitation from one school in early November and from another in January if they do invite you at all.

Interview in Israel or over the phone with those that enable you to do so, and save your second trip to your 1 choice, if you haven't yet interviewed there and indeed they invite you and if you can fit others at the same time it's a bonus.

April 30 is the deadline for letting us know, R1 or R I would plan to spend a couple of days here if you can I'm an MD that is planing a career change and as i see it, entering an MBA program in one of the leading US schools can give me an oppertunity to do so.

I'm looking for a school that will help me enter the biotech industry. What are my chances? Shay, MD's who clearly state why the need an MBA and lay out a solid career plan have a pretty good case with most admission comittees. Your working experience is lower than the average full-time experience for admitted candidates in leading schools.

However, your part time and military experiences might cover for that. You name it, consultants were doing it: Teams of people would decamp in the telecom giant's Basking Ridge, N.

McKinsey, the nation's top strategy consulting firm, was the biggest beneficiary of this largesse. Today, alas, there are no more trips to the slopes.

That's because the former consulting junkie seems to have kicked the habit. Now the telecom company either is doing most of the work in-house or isn't doing it at all. Two years ago Ford Motor Co. Investment banks Lehman Brothers and Credit Suisse First Boston have gone even further, imposing companywide bans against management consultants. Explains one Lehman executive: And there's no point in hiring a consultant to tell us how to grow in a market that's not growing.

All over corporate America, the long-running love affair between big companies and traditional management consultants has come to an abrupt end. Two years into an economic slump, executives are questioning why they've spent the past ten years pouring so much money into consulting coffers and what exactly those huge outlays of cash have produced.

Execs are also realizing that consultants from the so-called prestigious firms just might not be as brilliant as they're cracked up to be. But you have to wonder about the wisdom of the advice McKinsey gave to its longtime client Enron.

Or the value of the analysis it did for Kmart and Global Crossing, two other companies that paid the firm for strategic insights and subsequently slid into bankruptcy.

At the formerly highflying strategy firms, the suffering is palpable. The length of an average strategy-consulting engagement has dropped from between six and 18 months in the mids to just 90 days today, according to Tom Rodenhauser, a longtime industry analyst who runs Consulting Information Services in Keene, N. Getting revenue numbers from these famously secretive firms is difficult.

But Consultants News in Peterborough, N. The Big Three are eager to promote the impression that they are handling all this just fine, thank you very much. But privately, many senior consulting partners confide that it is the worst slump they've ever had to deal with. Other recessions, such as those in the early '80s and early '90s, prompted many observers to sound the death knell for strategy consulting.

And each time the economy picked up, consulting revenues came roaring back. The concept of management consulting was pioneered by McKinsey, which was founded in by an accounting professor from Northwestern University. The upstart firm established itself by helping companies navigate their way out of the Depression and, later, gear up for wartime production. Decades later, former General Electric executive Bruce Henderson saw huge opportunity in the consulting business.

In he started a competing firm, BCG, with innovative theories about business growth and the belief that consultants should be brutally honest with clients. Ten years later BCG partner William Bain formed Bain with the intention of working intimately with only one client in each industry--a concept that served nicely until the firm started getting big and needed new clients. All three firms thrived by doing basically the same thing: More important, perhaps, they convinced clients that the consultants were smarter and more objective than the companies themselves.

Because many companies' competitors were using consultants, top execs worried they'd fall behind if they didn't use them too. And as time went by the work consultants did for a client often became open-ended, with one engagement bleeding conveniently into another. Leader McKinsey more than doubled its size during the past eight years, to 7, consultants worldwide.

Bain and BCG's ranks ballooned to 1, and 2,, respectively. Big consulting firms work a lot like big law firms: Partners make the big bucks--usually several million a year--and throngs of cocky year-olds do most of the day-to-day work. And a large cast of characters is typically involved on each project. And that's before you even get to the consultants that are doing the real work," says Jon Katzenbach, a former McKinsey partner who left the firm in to form Katzenbach Partners.

That's a model that today's clients emphatically don't want. They want small, nimble teams of seasoned people who have years of knowledge and experience. And they want practical, highly targeted information and insights that can do one of two things: Terry Laughlin, head of corporate strategy and development at FleetBoston and the guy in charge of hiring consultants for the bank, puts it this way: Clients are also demanding discounts, once unthinkable.

That's when companies hire consultants at all. Many large companies have spent the past few years beefing up in-house strategy teams and are using them instead. Fleet concluded that the practice of constantly hiring consultants prevented it from developing the related skills, knowledge, and expertise internally. The bank now has outside consultants work alongside teams of Fleet people. Or they simply raid the consulting firms for talent.

American Express, which spends a fraction of what it used to on consulting, has picked up at least five people from McKinsey in the past year. That question is one that McKinsey, BCG, and Bain will have to grapple with over the next few years as they try to prove to clients that they're still relevant--and not, in the words of one West Coast CEO, a b unc h of "beefed-up MBAs with big egos who charge a lot to tell executives what they should already know.

For people who make a living telling others how to fix their businesses, the Big Three have been remarkably slow and tentative in taking action to fix theirs. McKinsey's recently elected managing director, Ian Davis, a year-old Brit who officially assumes the job in July, hasn't made his plans public.

But George Stalk, a senior partner who works out of BCG's Toronto office, says that the firm is reducing headcount and the ratio of consultants to partners in order to offer clients the greater access to senior people they're demanding. Stalk says that the consultant-partner ratio in the U. Bain and McKinsey have also cut staff over the past two years, but they won't talk about numbers.

As for Bain, its worldwide managing director, John Donahoe, a year company veteran who lives in Silicon Valley and works out of the San Francisco office, says that it has started hiring partners from outside its ranks--a major departure.

To satisfy clients' demands for seasoned pros, over the past 18 months the firm has brought on 20 new partners, some poached from McKinsey and BCG. Yet at the same time Donahoe defends the practice of importing boatloads of MBAs and sending "case teams" of the young consultants to work with clients.

He argues that their number-cr unc hing and spreadsheet skills provide clients with fresh data and insights. But the Big Three seem to be doing little to counter another threat: Those firms have traditionally helped companies install and integrate complex IT systems, but now they want a piece of the strategy pie. As technology becomes closely intertwined with the overall business objectives of a company, an increasingly big piece of the consulting market is within their reach.

How much of a threat do these firms pose? Donahoe says he's not worried, because Bain is in a much better position to deliver advice to clients about technology than Accenture or IBM: We think that clients are going to be a little suspicious of an outsourcing provider who says, 'Outsource everything.

The firms still house enormous talent and a wealth of knowledge about how successful businesses operate. But their future will look very different.

Many people believe that they are going to get a lot smaller. Their partners may splinter off into several smaller boutique firms. Or they may merge with an IT outfit to gain tech expertise and access to new markets. One thing's for certain, though. There will be no more lavish ski trips anytime soon. I was wondering if you can give some ideas of appropriate programs, preferably general management oriented. I would look at Illinois, Washington, Purdue and Maryland for backup. I was wondering if you can give some ideas of appropriate programs, preferably finance and consulting.

Thanks for the very detailed info, it helps me give you a more informed answer. Simon and UNC will be excellent fallback schools. I find the third subject of the NYU essays very unique.

They are much more laid back and fun. There is a good working environment with the teams and not as competitive as other schools I looked at.

Being in NYC and the village is fantastic! It is so close to the banks downtown on Wall Street I can even go during l unc h to interview and midtown where many corporate headquarters are located. It is clearly a huge advantage. First, we offer best-of-class training in all disciplines and f unc tional areas — from finance and marketing to strategy and entrepreneurial studies During University time I had the oportunity to join a well known financial firm in Israel and to la unc h my own company.

The outcome was a professional success while having a low GPA. Michigan is my first priority - what is your advice on the way to attack the situation in my app. We've only had one application deadline so far, and the numbers are down slightly. This may reflect the fact that our new essay qeustions came out at the end of summer, so some people wanted more time to work on the apps. Also, with regard to the Class of apps: Granted, that's off a record high the year before. So keepthat in context.

And we still saw applicants of amazing quality, just fewer than last year. Our admission policies are essentially unc hanged.

We have been working on updating our online process and features to make applying more convenient for candidates. We're also la unc hing online recommendations in the next couple of weeks.

Our applications deadlines have changed a little. We developed a new MBA brochure that features our new depth 'Tracks'. As you know hopefully last year we started the IIMBA and we wish to continue to operate it and help as many candidates,applicants and alumni. I didn't get any scholarship, but I don't think they anno unc ed it already at all.

E-mail me msarfaty hotmail. Therefore you should look at the long range, and then the value of the degree from CMU is a major consideration even if it costs more now. There are advantages and disadvantages to being one of students. That translates to a variety of courses, clubs, professional opportunities, speakers etc. The flip side is obviously that there's no warm and fuzzy atmosphere, however that certainly doesn't mean less access to resources such as professors, career management office staff etc.

I certainly found the faculty extremely approachable and helpful. For example, there's a "take the students to l unc h" tradition where a faculty member takes a group of students for a free l unc h, subsidized by the school, and many faculty members and students take advantage of the opportunity.

Another advantage is the large alumni network - there's a good chance you'll find a Wharton alumni in almost every company you'd be interested in. Alumni are usually very helpful and certainly facilitate your access to different companies. I guess I didn't explain myself well. It's not at all "industrial". What I meant is that the atmosphere is not intimate like it may be in a very small school, where you know everyone and everyone knows you.

That doesn't mean though that the people are not warm and that the place is not friendly - people are usually extremely nice and supportive.

So if you're looking for the kind of place that's small and intimate, where you know everyone after 2 days, that's not it. This is a general question so i will answer generally why I have chosen Anderson and i hope it will help both to you and to other applicants that consider UCLA Anderson.

I based my decision on several factors: The west-coast is an amazing experience especially LA - superb weather, lots of outdoor opportunities, great lifestyle -- driving distance to the beach, ski resorts, vegas, national parks Very good reputation and brand especially in the west-coast. In general the school is very strong in enterprenurship, real estate, entertainment and finance. Emphasis on entreprenurship and proximity to Hi tech and biotech centers.

My overall experience in the school so far exceeded all of my expectations, the atmosphere is great -- we study hard, yet, we find the time to party, have fun and make new friends.

I have a couple of questions about my admission chances. I was in the army in the intelligence corps for 3. During the army I developed a program that mechanized processes in my department, and this was done out of my official role and in extra hours took more than a year.

I have been working in Intel as a software developer non-managerial role. I expect to remain in this job and in this work level at least until the end of the year. I made an initial screening for MBA schools in which I'm interested, and I'm down to the following Michael, first, thanks for the detailed profile, it helps me give you more informed answers. Second, well done on an amazing GMAT. You will probably be competitive in all the schools that you mentioned above, with HBS being a stretch special emphasis on extraordinary leadership.

Picking 5 out of this list has a lot to do with personal considerations - where do you want to live?

Could the program I developed for the army be considered such a service more than a year, no reimbursement, extra hours? Is community service during high-school considered "valid"? I am afraid the answer to both of these questions is "no". Sure, and much luck. So Scholarships and financial aid is the same as for the rest of Kellogg. Not sure what you ment when you asked about working positions. The way it works is that for each class there are 9 sections, 8 regular 2Y program, and 1 MMM. So the MMM is a different section and we do many of our courses together.

In terms of academics, the program takes advamtage of prior experience and stufying and either waives you out of regular MBA courses, or accelerate others so you are left with time to take additional classes at McCormick - the engineering school. There is no specific industry focus and you can see graduates in all industries. So, I feel that the program is relevant to any industry that manufactures products, from computer chips, through pacemakers, to tires.

In terms of f unc tions, the most popular is Marketing, followed by finance and operations. First, the obvious - you get an extra degree for the same time and money.

In terms of academics - you should verify that the program is aligned with your goals. If your goals is to work for the high-tech industry, in say, marketing position, the program can give you knowledge that is more directed towards your goals. Another added value, in my opinion, is the network of the MMM alums, which is a closer knit netwrok.

You have access to the entire Kellogg alum community anyway, but the MMM alum network is extra strong. But - it is still very small.

Well, you can judge by the length of my response that I am enthusistic about this program If you have any more question post the here, or if you want to talk - send me an email. The mirrors in the hallway were perfect for last-minute checks of ties, hair and handkerchiefs. Are the business cards within easy reach? As the students primped, they traded intelligence. The job fair was sponsored by the MBA Consortium, a group of 16 business schools that are good but a couple of steps down the B-school hierarchy.

To help their students get jobs -- either summer internships or permanent positions -- the consortium had gathered 14 employers at the Marriott Eastside in Manhattan on this January day to meet them. The recruiters, who sat at tables displaying their wares, had already selected some students for interviews the next day based on resumes, but they had saved places for applicants who would impress them today.

Many of them did not have interviews lined up. So the pressure was on. They had only a few minutes to make their pitch, and those in line -- their competition -- could hear them. After a firm handshake and a handoff of his resume, he told the recruiter he enjoyed problem solving, operations and finance. Hoebelheinrich said yes instantly. And it was over. He didn't end up getting an interview. Next person in line.

As is often the case in troubled economic times, business schools reported an enrollment surge in Now those class members must compete for a limited job pool. Meanwhile, companies are putting off hiring decisions as long as possible until they can tell where the economy is going. Students at second- or third-tier schools can certainly build successful careers. But given the degree's hefty price tag and the tough economic climate, deans and corporate recruiters warn that a master's degree in business administration does not necessarily translate into a high-salary job.

And the path to a leading investment bank or consulting company runs almost exclusively through a narrow band of elite business schools. AS the tight job market accentuates the advantages that graduates of Harvard or the University of Pennsylvania enjoy even in the best of times, students from lower-tier schools must hustle even harder.

At the job fair, options are improving but it's clear that they are still more limited than a few years ago. Organizers are pleased to have 14 employers. Last year, there were But in the 's, they had 30, and students could write their own ticket. If you want to rile someone at the fair, use the phrase ''core schools. Many have only five or so core schools, some as few as two. At big-time companies, only a few business schools turn up on list after list: A survey by Business Week last year found that of Citigroup's M.

No other business school placed more than 8 there. Jeffrey Pfeffer, a professor at Stanford's business school, published a study in based on decades of data to determine what the M. Internal studies by leading consulting firms and investment banks of their M. To practice medicine, medical school is essential; ditto for law. But if you can excel in business without business school, he wondered, what is its value? Professor Pfeffer's report set off intense debate. But even critics like Professor Pfeffer say that top business schools do something of value: People who invest in an M.

Hi Gilam and all First off - let me relay my appreciation - I have read through a few pages, and the information presented is precious. I would really like to know the following - kicking-off info: To the best of my knowledge and trying to balance between ranking and f unc tional strength: The impact of the undergraduate university average vs. I am computer science and economics major - from TAU, does the actual degree difficulty account? Then far behind usually the school, then the type of degree.

Schools that place special emphasis on diverse students - i. All do, I am not sure which ones more than others if there are such. Schools that regard the GMAT quantities result as an important factor, and the Analytical writing as well. Moreover last Q for now Yes, I believe that reading past essays could usually help.

Just like pills, if used incorrectly it could hurt ;- for example, you reach the conclusion that he was admitted because he wrote X, while in fact he was admitted because of Y and Z and they actually didn't like X. I thought I will take a stab at this question and give my 2 cents biased opinion. For finance you have 3 major schools although they differ a bit between themselves in what areas and f unc tions of finance they focus on they are Wharton, Chicago and Columbia.

All of the schools are very international in their focus and have a great name in Europe:. Chicago- Their own campus in Barcelona with a big executive program and tons of alumni there.

I participated in the Eurotrek and saw the welcoming attitude of these corporation first hand. Now for general management- this is going to be a bit of an academic answer so I apologize in advance- for over a century there are two main Business school teaching disciplines:.

The Harvard version- which is based on cases and less of in depth education, but more on the classmates. The Chicago version- based on fundementals, the idea is to give the student a thorough understanding of the business pillars so he could later apply them as he see fit through his career. All the other schools where in the middle between these two approaches and even in Chicago, almost half of my classes were case based and in HBS you have enough lecture time now so it is not definite- why am I telling you lot this mambo.

I just wanted to point out that after a year in Chicago, I truely believe this is an amazing general management school although when someone just "scan" the school it is not percieved this way and many of my classmates came to school for a general management concentration the 3rd most popular after Finance and Entrepreneurship becuase of the amazing level of teaching that the school gives you.

As always- I and the rest of the students would be more than happy to answer questions and assist people who are interested in the school. After a year I am really happy with my decision and the experience is WAY better than what I initially imagined. Recommendations about visiting Kellogg ver. It's best to find someone to stay with in Evanston, where the Northwestern University is located.

If you don't find any, take into account that using the subway it's going to take between twenty minutes to an hour getting there. The subway is the cheapest way of getting to Evanston several bucks , compared to a taxi.

There's no problem of parking in Evanston, but think twice about renting a car if you plan to stay the night in Chicago. When visiting Kellogg, make sure you have the chance to do the following: It'll give you a feeling what's the culture in Kellogg and who the students are. Try to pinpoint specific classes rather than just "I am interested in Marketing classes", for example.

You could find out which classes are taking places with any of the students. Ask one of the students to ask permission from the professor, before entering the class. They may provide you with good tips as to what to emphasize in your essays, etc.

Take all possible brochures from the information session, they might help you later on. L unc hes are a good time for spending half an hour with students. They will probably all appreciate your traveling all the way from Israel. Remember to write down name of students, classes and professors you talked to.

It would be worth mentioning in your essays. There's no point traveling all the way to Kellogg without visiting University of Chicago and Chicago itself. Save at least several hours to visit the city. I was rather limited in time when visiting Chicago, but I found it's possible to compress it all in a couple of nights. I scored on the Toefl. Tried to send but it bo unc ed back Please send to ehudemanuel yahoo. I saw your question regarding Simon just now I actually can provide you with lots of information on Rochester Univ.

I know that there are good scholarships there, and I believe it is within the top ranking. That's great - you're doing great with your application. Thanks again for updating - it's no relief but it's better than total unc ertainty.

I'm coming to the big city next week. It would be great if we can have l unc h together The three strongest career tracks at Darden are consulting, iBanking, and general management. An article I found in the FT. It might interest some of you November 28 For some, with nine months to graduation and lucrative job offers trickling in for next year, the MBA degree seems to have paid off. Angst about loans and jobs is beginning to wane. Victory can be bitter-sweet, however.

While a six-figure salary, house and expensive car seem to be traits of a stable future, their personal lives are anything but secure. The significant other with whom they arrived at business school has either already left or is on their way out.

The partying, long hours of studying, competition and summer internship apart have taken their toll. The dark reality of the MBA course is that relationships between students and their partners, especially at this time of year, can come to a sorry end. Some schools joke about "Black Monday", the Monday following Thanksgiving, when classmates return single. Students and faculty warn that the rate of breakups on MBA courses could be as high as 50 per cent.

Susan Perry, a social psychologist and author of Loving in Flow: How the Happiest Couples Get and Stay That Way, confirms that graduate degrees can be as rough on a couple as having a first child.

Relocating for a well-ranked degree can start those shifts, says Dave Wilson, president of the Graduate Management Admissions Co unc il.

He points out that on arrival at business school, only half of the couple has an immediate network and purpose. Already, he adds, the scenario is stacked against the partner. The workload, often per cent of what a student can reasonably take, requires the student to join teams and create a network.

That network soon becomes an entire social scene. Some partners find this a heavy burden. At the Tepper School of Business at Carnegie Mellon University, where my partner is in the second year of his MBA course, several spouses confided that their husbands "died" in their first year.

Others say the only way they saw their partner was to show up for drinks on a Friday night. Other intense degrees such as law and medicine also take their toll.

However, experts believe the MBA culture causes deeper problems: It is all-powerful," Ms Perry says. Then there is the MBA student's desire for dramatic change. Many follow a two-year, full-time course because they wish to take stock and radically alter their career. To do this they are willing to uproot their lives, relocate and plunge themselves deep into debt.

Given such flux, it is no surprise that they will also scrutinise their relationships, which can subsequently become MBA casualties. Most study for an MBA in their late 20s, a period of huge emotional upheaval not unlike a mid-life crisis, adds Ms Perry.

Mr Wilson wonders whether the MBA degree with its "economic macho" syndrome is particularly tricky. Mr Wilson points out that the real risk a student runs is that the behaviour that manifests itself during the MBA course, if seen to yield a reward that exceeded a cost, will manifest itself again. This can be addictive. The Stanford Sloan programme lasts one year. Students have eight years of work experience and are mature. Mary Garrison, who manages the course, says breakups are "extremely rare".

However, awareness about the issue is growing. Psychologists discuss skills in stress management and working with non Type-A personalities - highly driven and focused individuals. Most business schools run partner groups, a great way to make friends, and some are considering offering support groups and counselling.

Due to the competition for top-paying jobs, some partners are reluctant to speak candidly. A turbulent marriage or relationship can be considered a sign of weakness and a reason to be excluded from an MBA case study team.

One former partner recalls: There are always rumours. Others seem reflective too. When a first-year MBA student asks at Carnegie Mellon's Welcome Week whether the priority should be grades, academic performance or the job hunt, Greg Shumavon, a second year moderating the event, interjects before the professors can respond.

Most often, they will send out an oversized email with a cool animation anno unc ing your acceptance I am happy to advise you that it is now possible to obtain an MBA degree from Imperial College, a branch of the University of London, by Distance Learning in years depending on the number of course modules studied. The programme began in , and now has more than 3, students enrolled from all over the world. For those of you not familiar with Imperial College and the University of London, they are highly regarded in the fields of science and technology they have a medical school as well , and are regarded in a similar light as MIT-Sloan in the USA.

I have a supply of special promotion CD's that have all information regarding the programme, courses offered, tuition fees, and other relevant informtion. If you are now working for a high tech company and plan one day to create a 'start-up' company of your own, an MBA with a specialisation in entrpeneurialship can give you the qualititive edge needed to accomplish this.

The distance learning study curriculum is virtually the same as the full time or attandance learning programme. Tuition and other charges are much more reasonable than other MBA programmes. I can supply you with a special CD presentation disc that fully covers the distance learning programme at imperial College.

I also hope to conduct a forum and seminar for prospective MBA students at the British co unc il in the February. Until then, feel free to contact me for further information admission requirements, tuition fees, etc. Obviously, someone planning to be in a management position at Bank Discount or El Al, etc. I refer to a quality and ranked school and not to the ones that usually advertise their programmes via the internet.

If you or any other forum member need my assitance concerning Imperial College, I will be pleased to help. I plan to hold an informal 'mini forum' on the I. Just to let you know that I am presently organising an informal information evening dealing with the MBA programmes at Imperial College in London. Although the new distance learninig programme will be for focus of this forum, other programmes, including the full time or attendance learning programme may be covered as well.

Anyone interested in attending please contact me by email or telephone at or Another possibility would be from the word Harangue which means: Isnt that a city in Italy? This is unfortunately not the right answer to the question "why did we call the company aringo? Wow, I like that. But again, unfortunately not I just had my interview for Kellogg at the end of last week, which was an amazing experience for me.

Thanks guys and hope to see together with all of you, the admits ano unc ements. I just got a call from Stanford - I am in. An article from BW, stressing how conscious B-schools are of the family that comes along with the applicant:. After the year-old Castle Rock Colo.

And [then] when we got here, the families at the school completely embraced us. Unlike students in, say, medical and law schools, who usually attend just after graduating from college, most MBA candidates have five years of work experience and enter business school at about 27 years old.

Living without a paycheck and racking up debt when you've got kids and a spouse is hard enough. But family life suffers when you're being a slave to an irregular class schedule, odd-hours study groups, extracurricular activities -- from case competitions and consulting projects to a myriad of career-focused or community-oriented clubs -- plus a time-consuming internship and job search.

And, B-school administrators say, a student worried about a partner's or child's well-being doesn't get the most out of the program.

Family concerns have "played a greater and greater role in the decision-making process for applicants in the last few years," says David Capodilupo, executive director of the MBA program at Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Sloan School of Business. Schools have moved to provide more programs and services to make the transition -- and the two years -- easier for everyone. Most boast a partners' club that organizes events, socials, and support for spouses.

Many schools offer job counseling for partners as well as a slew of activities for them and the kids that coincide with a student's orientation schedule. And some B-schools -- helped by their students -- have gone above and beyond to cater to family members. The savviest schools anticipate the needs of partners from the first campus visit -- before a prospective student has even been accepted.

When the Arthurs arrived for Ian's campus tour and interview, the admissions staff invited Margaret along -- a gesture the other schools didn't make. After her husband was accepted, Margaret got what the school calls a "smile-and-dial" call from a group of second-year partners offering to answer any questions she might have about the school.

The Arthurs were already leaning toward Tuck, but the call confirmed what the couple believed -- that Margaret would feel as welcome at the school as Ian would. When the Arthurs arrived on campus, Margaret took advantage of an unc ommon perk among top schools: Others, such as Columbia Business School, pay special attention to the families of international students, who often arrive not just in a new city but in a new country.

While their spouse-students get a built-in network of classmates and courses, the husbands and wives may find themselves without working papers and with minimal English-language skills. Early on, Columbia helps such families with housing and relocation. To ease the language barrier, the B-school offers free language classes through Berlitz. Northwestern University's Kellogg School of Management is known as a place where students, faculty, and administrators are unusually close.

Katie Bard, a mother of two girls under the age of 4, says Kellogg's brochure helped sell her -- and her husband -- on the idea of uprooting the family from Austin, Tex. She adds that the reality lived up to the billing. At most schools, partners' clubs sponsor kids' activities, but at Kellogg children have their own club funded by the students' activities fee.

Kellogg Kids holds twice-weekly play groups and offers a music class and a crafts class one afternoon each week. Parents trade babysitting duties, and Kellogg Kids even takes field trips to places like the zoo and holds bagel breakfasts for families and students.

The club tries to lend extra support to international families; Bard, a past co-chair of Kellogg Kids, says about half the members are from outside the U. Another twist on B-schools' nurturing of candidates' families: Kids get playtime with, say, crafts activities, and parent-students and their spouses have an opportunity to mingle. The get-togethers allow married students to enjoy more of the social interaction that single students have always had.

In the beginning, Friday Night Families was informal -- a pot-luck dinner held at someone's house. Now the B-school's partner club provides some money to help pay for the food and supplies for the gatherings. Juggling the pressures of B-school can make for a stressful two years for any student.

Add a spouse, partner, or children, and it can be like juggling atop a high wire. Finding a school that makes the family experience as rich as the MBA program can make all the difference. UK Govt lists what it considers to be the Top 50 schools - for qualification for a work permit. This document lists the 50 institutions, including 10 from the UK, that will be eligible to this entitlement from 1st April. The list will be updated annually.

Here's how they did it http: There is an unadjusted ranking here: So - if you want to work in Europe after you graduate then go to one of these schools. Thanks for the answer. I have visited columbia and NYU campuses last week, and it all looks great. I talked tom Dalit, and she said you have a few tips for getting a J1 visa. Can you please tell ot write me to ayelletbig yahoo. Rev Int Hist Psychanal. Under the conditions of persecution and repression imposed by Nazi Germany there was no productive contribution to psycho-analytical science.

The limitations responsible for this are outlined. After classing the psycho-analytical writings of these years into groups, the production and publication practice of the period is examined through the works of Alexander Mette. Even when the clinical problems of applied psycho-analysis were set aside, as in the analytico-biographical study of Novalis, made jointly with Edmund Bergler in , this was insufficient to guarantee the possibility of completing the study.

Novalis was among that group of German poets and thinkers who were lauded as discoverers of the unconscious in order to diminish the importance of Freud's pioneer work.

In spite of the failure of the Novalis project, Mette's effort to preserve publishing autonomy, through his publishing house Dion-Verlag must be considered a noteworthy attempt to oppose official regimentation Gleichschaltung. Mette's personal development after the war, when he replaced Freud by a new idol, Pavlov, is treated briefly. Ohry A, Ohry-Kossoy K. Translated from the French of M.

Surgical removal of the foot through the midtarsal joint but retaining the calcaneus, talus, and other parts of the tarsus. Also called mediotarsal amputation. Chopart was a pioneer of urological surgery. There are three eponyms associated with the foot that are named after him. The Krukenberg procedure , also known as the Krukenberg operation , is a surgical technique that converts a forearm stump into a pincer.

It was first described in by the German army surgeon Hermann Krukenberg. It remains in use today for certain special cases but is considered controversial and some surgeons refuse to perform it. He was the brother of pathologist Friedrich Ernst Krukenberg — Krukenberg studied medicine at the Universities of Bonn , Strassburg and Heidelberg.

In he became manager of a private clinic in Halle an der Saale , and in was chief surgeon at the municipal hospital in Liegnitz.

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